Tag Archives: pain

Management of the Injured Tendon: Difficulties in Diagnosis and Treatment

Abstract Background: Tendon injury is a painful and often debilitating affliction, which commonly presents to the sports medicine professional. Researchers have often struggled to determine the most appropriate way to manage this condition. Despite the plethora of literature on management strategies, there appears to be little stemming from sound scientific evidence. Objective: The aim of […]

Lumbar Sprain and Strain

What is it? Muscular or ligamentous injuries to the lumbar spine can cause significant pain and or disability in the individual which could lead to pain in the legs. Understanding the extent of tissue damage depends on the grade to which damage has occurred. Grade 1: can take approximately 7days to 4 weeks for full […]

Rotator Cuff Strain

What is It? A rotator cuff strain is a sudden traumatic injury to one or a combination of the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor and subscapularis muscles and or tendons. prior history of impingement syndrome may be present, and can often be difficult to diagnose. injury to the rotator cuff musculature, typically follows a traumatic incident, […]

Cervicogenic Headache

What is it? A cervicogenic headache is head pain which originates from the cervical spine. A complex musculoskeletal syndrome thought to be caused by abnormalities in the joints, muscles, fascia and nerves. Research suggests that this type of headache often goes untreated due to its often intermittent nature. Causes Prior neck trauma: any previous injury […]

Is Self Administered Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) Stretching superior to Static Stretching at increasing Range of Motion and Flexibility?

An important component to overall fitness is good flexibility, which is the ability to move and bend joints through a full range of motion (ROM). Adequate flexibility allows minimal stress to be applied to joints, allowing them to function more efficiently. Research has documented many benefits to improved flexibility including a reduced risk of injury, […]

Core exercises

A strong core is essential to optimal performance and the reduction of injury. Attached is a beginners program to strengthen the core. Core training program

Initial Management of an Acute Injury

Once an injury occurs, whether to muscle, bone or ligament, it is imperative that you seek the most appropriate treatment for this. Injury often varies in severity, and therefore symptoms will differ. The most common signs of inflammation are heat, redness, swelling, pain and loss of function, not all of these symptoms may be present […]

Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome

Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome: Common Cause of Shin Pain What is it? Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS), commonly referred to as “shin splints” has received a lot of attention within the literature, often found to be a difficult condition to manage. Shin Splints is a term which has been used to encompass all causes of […]

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis What is it? The plantar fascia is a broad band of connective tissue, which not only supports the arch of the foot, but also plays an important role in normal foot biomechanics. The fascia is designed to support the longitudinal arch of the foot. It attaches at the base of the heel bone […]

Calf Strains

Calf Strains What is it? The calf muscle is part of a group of muscles called the triceps surae, which includes the gastrocnemius, soleus, and plantaris muscle. The gastrocnemius has 2 heads and acts on the knee and ankle joint, the deeper soleus acts only on the ankle. The triceps surae group share a common […]