Monthly Archives: April 2014

Fibromyalgia Syndrome: Benefits of Exercise Therapy

Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) has been described as a chronic pain syndrome with widespread pain, diffuse tenderness and joint stiffness typically lasting a period longer than 3 months (Cheatham 2013 and Busch et al 2011). Other characteristic symptoms include disturbed sleep, fatigue, headaches, concentration and memory problems (Bennett 2005). The aetiology of this condition is still […]

Efficacy of Strength Training on Fatigue and Performance in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review

Abstract Background: Multiple sclerosis is a chronic debilitating condition, which can cause muscle weakness and fatigue. Exercise has often been thought of as contraindicated in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) sufferers. It is only recently been documented that there may actually be benefits to partaking in physical exercise. Objective: To determine the effect strength training has on […]

Management of the Injured Tendon: Difficulties in Diagnosis and Treatment

Abstract Background: Tendon injury is a painful and often debilitating affliction, which commonly presents to the sports medicine professional. Researchers have often struggled to determine the most appropriate way to manage this condition. Despite the plethora of literature on management strategies, there appears to be little stemming from sound scientific evidence. Objective: The aim of […]

Lumbar Sprain and Strain

What is it? Muscular or ligamentous injuries to the lumbar spine can cause significant pain and or disability in the individual which could lead to pain in the legs. Understanding the extent of tissue damage depends on the grade to which damage has occurred. Grade 1: can take approximately 7days to 4 weeks for full […]

Rotator Cuff Strain

What is It? A rotator cuff strain is a sudden traumatic injury to one or a combination of the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor and subscapularis muscles and or tendons. prior history of impingement syndrome may be present, and can often be difficult to diagnose. injury to the rotator cuff musculature, typically follows a traumatic incident, […]

Lateral Elbow Tendinopathy (Tennis Elbow)

What is it? Lateral elbow tendinopathy is the most common cause of elbow pain, 7 times more than medial. Pain on the lateral aspect of the elbow, typically known as tennis elbow, has an insidious onset with early presentations of pain only posing a problem with aggravating activity. despite the term tennis elbow, research has […]

Cervicogenic Headache

What is it? A cervicogenic headache is head pain which originates from the cervical spine. A complex musculoskeletal syndrome thought to be caused by abnormalities in the joints, muscles, fascia and nerves. Research suggests that this type of headache often goes untreated due to its often intermittent nature. Causes Prior neck trauma: any previous injury […]

Is Self Administered Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) Stretching superior to Static Stretching at increasing Range of Motion and Flexibility?

An important component to overall fitness is good flexibility, which is the ability to move and bend joints through a full range of motion (ROM). Adequate flexibility allows minimal stress to be applied to joints, allowing them to function more efficiently. Research has documented many benefits to improved flexibility including a reduced risk of injury, […]

Can the inclusion of a plyometric training program improve performance in middle to long distance runners?

The importance for runners to achieve their personal best, whether this be in a quicker time or longer duration, how they get there has always led to much debate between runners, coaches and health professionals. The inclusion of strength training programs has been met with much resistance in the running community, with many runners fearing […]

Foam Rolling during the warm up: an added benefit or waste of workout time?

Over the last decade self myofascial release has become a popular modality to relieve muscle soreness following exercise. Recently it has begun to appear in the warm up, with individuals postulating the potential benefits following the restoration of the normal length tension relationships. Despite the increase in popularity there appears to be a lack of […]